European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 196, 106740: 1-10 (2024)

22 března, 2024 10:03 am Published by Leave your thoughts

IF 4,6

The 2-aminoethyl diphenylborinate-based fluorescent method identifies quercetin and luteolin metabolites as substrates of Organic anion transporting polypeptides, OATP1B1 and OATP2B1

Hana Kaci, Éva Bakos, Paul W. Needs, Paul A. Kroon, Kateřina Valentová, Miklós Poór, Csilla Özvegy-Laczka


Organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs), OATP1B1 and OATP2B1 are membrane proteins mediating the cellular uptake of chemically diverse organic compounds. OATP1B1 is exclusively expressed in hepatocytes and plays a key role in hepatic detoxification. The ubiquitously expressed OATP2B1 promotes the intestinal absorption of orally administered drugs. Flavonoids are widely found in foods and beverages, and many of them can inhibit OATP function, resulting in food-drug interactions. In our previous work, we have shown that not only luteolin (LUT) and quercetin (Q), but also some of their metabolites can inhibit OATP1B1 and OATP2B1 activity. However, data about the potential direct transport of these flavonoids by OATPs have been incomplete. Hence, in the current study, we developed a simple, fluorescence-based method for the measurement of intracellular flavonoid levels. The method applies a cell-permeable small molecule (2-aminoethyl diphenylborinate, 2-APB), that, upon forming a complex with flavonoids, results in their fluorescence enhancement. This way the direct uptake of LUT and Q, and also their metabolites’ could be investigated both by confocal microscopy and in a fluorescence plate reader in living cells. With this approach we identified quercetin-3′-O-sulfate, luteolin-3′-O-glucuronide, luteolin-7-O-glucuronide and luteolin-3′-O-sulfate as substrates of both OATP1B1 and OATP2B1. Our results highlight that OATP1B1 and OATP2B1 can be key participants in the transmembrane movement of LUT and Q conjugates with otherwise low cell permeability. In addition, the novel method developed in this study can be a good completion to existing fluorescence-based assays to investigate OATP function.



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