Bioorganic Chemistry, 145, 107231:1-13 (2024)

26 února, 2024 12:54 pm Published by Leave your thoughts

IF 5,1

Glycomimetic inhibitors of tandem-repeat galectins: Simple and efficient

David Vrbata, Jakub Červený, Natalia Kulik, Michaela Hovorková, Soňa Balogová, Miluše Vlachová, Helena Pelantová, Vladimír Křen, Pavla Bojarová


The binding of human galectins by glycomimetic inhibitors is a promising therapeutic approach. The structurally distinct group of tandem-repeat galectins has scarcely been studied so far, and there is hardly any knowledge on their ligand specificity or their inhibitory potential, particularly concerning non-natural carbohydrates. Here, we present the synthesis of a library of seven 3-O-disubstituted thiodigalactoside-derived glycomimetics and their affinity to two tandem-repeat galectins, Gal-8 and Gal-9. The straightforward synthesis of these glycomimetics involved dibutyltin oxide-catalyzed 3,3́ –O-disubstitution of commercially available unprotected thiodigalactoside, and conjugation of various aryl substituents by copper-catalyzed Huisgen azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC). The inhibitory potential of the prepared glycomimetics for Gal-8 and Gal-9 was assessed, and compared with the established galectins Gal-1 and Gal-3. The introduction of C-3 substituents resulted in an over 40-fold increase in affinity compared with unmodified TDG. The structure-affinity relations within the studied series were discussed using molecular modeling. Furthermore, the prepared glycomimetics were shown to scavenge Gal-8 and Gal-9 from the surface of cancer cells. This pioneering study on the synthetic inhibitors especially of Gal-9 identified lead compounds that may be used in further biomedical research.


Categorised in: ,

This post was written by capkova